Sir Roger More
KBE

Roger Moore in 1973
Roger Moore in 1973
Born Roger George Moore
  October 14, 1927
  Stockwell, London, England
Died May 23, 2017 (age 89)
  Crans-Montana, Switzerland[1]
Cause of Death Cancer
Resting Place Cremated; ashes scattered in Monaco
Occupation Actor
Years Active 1945 to 2017
Spouses Doorn van Steyn (m. 1946; div. 1953)
Dorothy Squires (m. 1953; div. 1968)
Luisa Mattioli (m. 1969; div. 1996)
Kristina “Kiki” Tholstrup (m. 2002; his death 2017)
Children Three (2 sons and 1 daughter)
Parents George Alfred Moore
Lillian “Lily” Pope
Signature
Roger Moore's Signature

Sir Roger George Moore (aka Roger Moore), KBE (October 14, 1927 to May 23, 2017) was an actor best known for playing James Bond in seven films from 1973 to 1985. George Moore played Simon Templar in the television series The Saint from 1962 to 1969 as well.

Roger Moore began the role of James Bond 1972 and made his first appearance as 007 in Live and Let Die (1973). Sean Connery played James Bond before Roger Moore from 1962 to 1971. Roger Moore was the longest serving James Bond, he went on to portray the spy in six more films.[2] [3] Appointed a United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) Goodwill Ambassador in 1991, Moore was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 2003 for “services to charity”. In 2007, Roger Moore acquired a star on the Walk of Fame in Hollywood. In 2008, the French government selected Roger Moore a Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (KBE).

Roger Moore was born in Stockwell, London on October 14, 1927 to George Alfred Moore and Lillian Pope[4], an only child.[5] [6] His mother, Lily, was born in Calcutta, India of English descent.[7] Roger Moore attended Battersea Grammar School; however, was evacuated to Holsworthy, Devon during World War II, then attended Launceston College in Cornwall. Roger Moore attended Dr Challoner’s Grammar School in Amersham, Buckinghamshire.[8]

He apprenticed at an animation studio; however, was terminated after he made a mistake with some celluloid.[6] His father, George Moore, investigated a robbery at the home of Brian Hurst, a film director that led to Roger Moore being introduced to the director and signed as an extra for Caesar and Cleopatra (1945).[9] While there, Moore attracted an off-camera female fan following, and Hurst decided to pay Moore’s fees at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA). He spent three terms at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, which is where he met his future James Bond co-star Lois Maxwell, the original Miss Eve Moneypenny. While at RADA, Moore developed the Transatlantic accent and relaxed demeanor, which would become his screen image.[6]

At 18 years old, shortly after the end of World War II, he was enlisted into the armed forces. On September 21, 1946, Roger Moore was enlisted into the Royal Army Service Corps as a second lieutenant.[10] Roger Moore was an officer in the Combined Services Entertainment Section where he became a captain,[9] commanding a small depot in West Germany. Eventually, Roger Moore looked after entertainers for the armed forces passing by Hamburg, Germany.[11]

Career

Roger Moore as a Model
Roger Moore as a Model

Early Work (1945 to 1959)

In the 1950s, Roger Moore worked as a model,[9] appearing in print advertisements for knitwear[4] and a wide range of other products such as toothpaste. In his book Last Man Standing: Tales from Tinseltown, he states that his first appearance on television was on March 27, 1949 in The Governess, a film by Patrick Hamilton, which was a live broadcast, where he played the part of Bob Drew.[12] Other actors in the show included Clive Morton and Betty Ann Davies.

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer

Although he signed a 7 year agreement with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) in 1954, the films that followed were not successes and, in his own words, “At MGM, Roger George Moore was no bloody good.”[4] Roger Moore appeared in Interrupted Melody, a biography-type movie about opera singer Marjorie Lawrence’s recovery from polio, in which he was announced 3rd under Glenn Ford and Eleanor Parker as Lawrence’s brother Cyril.[13] That same year, he played a supporting role in The King’s Thief starring Ann Blyth, David Niven, Edmund Purdom, and George Sanders.[14]

In the 1956 film Diane, he was announced third again, this time under Lana Turner and Pedro Armendariz in a sixteenth-century period piece set in France with Roger Moore playing the future king, Prince Henri. He was released from Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer after 2 years following the film’s critical and commercial failures.

Warner Brothers

After MGM, Roger Moore spent a few years mainly doing one-shot roles in TV series; for example, an episode of Alfred Hitchcock Presents in 1959 titled “The Avon Emeralds”. He signed another long-term contract to a studio, this time to Warner Brothers.[15]

In 1959 he took the lead role in The Miracle,[15] a version of the play Das Mirakel for Warner Brothers showcasing Carroll Baker as a nun. This part was turned down by Dirk Bogarde. That same year, he served under director Arthur Hiller in “The Angry Young Man”, an episode of the television series The Third Man starring Michael Rennie as criminal mastermind Harry Lime.

Television Series (1958 to 1972)

Roger Moore as Ivanhoe
Roger Moore as Ivanhoe

Ivanhoe (1958 to 1959)

Roger Moore was the eponymous hero, Sir Wilfred of Ivanhoe, in the 1958–59 series Ivanhoe, a loose adaptation of the 1819 romantic novel by Sir Walter Scott set in the twelfth-century during the era of Richard the Lionheart, delving into Ivanhoe’s conflict with Prince John. Shot mainly in England at Elstree Studios and Buckinghamshire, some of the show was also filmed in California due to a partnership with Columbia Studios’ Screen Gems. Aimed at younger audiences, the pilot was filmed in color, a reflection of its comparatively high budget for a British children’s adventure series of the period, but subsequent episodes were shot in black and white.[16] Christopher Lee and John Schlesinger were among the show’s guest stars and series regulars included Robert Brown (who in the 1980s would play M in several James Bond films) as the squire Gurth, Peter Gilmore as Waldo Ivanhoe, Andrew Keir as villainous Prince John, and Bruce Seton as noble King Richard. He suffered a battle-axe blow to his helmet and broken ribs while performing some of his own stunts filming a season of 39 half-hour episodes and later reminisced, “I felt a complete Charlie riding around in all that armor and damned stupid plumed helmet. I felt like a medieval fireman.”

The Alaskans (1959 to 1960)

Moore’s next television series involved playing the lead as “Silky” Harris for the ABC/Warner Brothers 1959–60 western The Alaskans, with co-stars Dorothy Provine as Rocky, Jeff York as Reno and Ray Danton as Nifty. The show ran for one season of 37 hour-long episodes. Though set in Skagway, Alaska, with a focus on the Klondike Gold Rush in around 1896, the series was filmed in the hot studio lot at Warner Brothers in Hollywood with the cast costumed in fur coats and hats. Roger Moore found the work highly taxing and his off-camera affair with Provine complicated matters even more. He subsequently appeared as the questionable character “14 Karat John” in the two-part episode “Right Off the Boat” of the ABC/Warner Brothers crime drama The Roaring 20s, with John Dehner, Dorothy Provine, Rex Reason, and Gary Vinson, appearing in a similar role but with a different character name.[17]

Roger Moore as Beau Maverick, 1960
Roger Moore as Beau Maverick, 1960

Maverick (1960 to 1961)

In the wake of The Alaskans, Moore was cast as Beau Maverick, an English-accented cousin of frontier gamblers Bart Maverick (Jack Kelly), Brent Maverick (Robert Colbert), and Bret Maverick (James Garner) in the much more successful ABC/Warner Brothers western series MaverickSean Connery was flown over from Britain to test for the part but turned it down.[18] Roger Moore appeared as the character in 14 episodes after Garner had left the series at the end of the previous season, wearing some of Garner’s costumes; while filming The Alaskans, he had already recited much of Garner’s dialogue since the Klondike series frequently recycled Maverick  scripts, changing only the names and locales. He had also filmed a Maverick  episode with Garner two seasons earlier in which Moore played a different character in a retooling of Richard Brinsley Sheridan’s 1775 comedy of manners play entitled “The Rivals”.[19] In the course of the story, Moore’s and Garner’s characters switched names on a bet, with Moore consequently identifying himself as “Bret Maverick” through most of the episode.[19]

Moore’s debut as Beau Maverick occurred in the first episode of the 1960–61 fourth season, “The Bundle From Britain”, one of four episodes in which he shared screen time with cousin Bart (Jack Kelly). Robert Altman wrote and directed “Bolt from the Blue”, an episode featuring Will Hutchins as a frontier lawyer similar to his character in the series Sugarfoot, and “Red Dog” found Beau mixed up with vicious bank robbers Lee Van Cleef and John Carradine. Kathleen Crowley was Moore’s leading lady in two episodes (“Bullet For the Teacher” and “Kiz”) and others included Merry Anders, Roxane Berard, Jeanne Cooper, Andra Martin, Mala Powers, and Fay Spain. Upon leaving the series, Roger Moore cited a decline in script quality since the Garner era as the key factor in his decision to depart, ratings for the show were also down.[21]

Roger Moore in The Saint 1969
Roger Moore (left) with Earl Green (right) in The Saint, 1969.

The Saint (1962 to 1969)

Lew Grade cast Roger Moore as Simon Templar in a new adaptation of The Saint, based on the novels by Leslie Charteris. Roger Moore said in an interview in 1963, that he wanted to buy the rights to Leslie Charteris’s character and the trademarks. He also joked that the role was supposed to have been meant for Sean Connery who was unavailable. The television series was made in the United Kingdom with an eye to the American market, and its success there (and in other countries) made Moore a household name. By early 1967 he had achieved international stardom. The series also established his suave, quipping style which he carried forward to James Bond. He went on to direct several episodes of the later series, which moved into color in 1967.

The Saint ran from 1962 for six seasons and 118 episodes,[4] tying The Avengers as the longest-running series of its kind on British television.[15] Roger Moore grew increasingly tired of the role, and was keen to branch out. He made two films immediately after the series ended: Crossplot, a lightweight ‘spy caper’ movie, and the more challenging The Man Who Haunted Himself (1970). Directed by Basil Dearden, it gave Roger Moore the opportunity to demonstrate a wider versatility than the role of Simon Templar had allowed.[4] In 2004, Roger Moore said of The Man Who Haunted Himself: “It was one of the few times I was allowed to act… Many say my best role was in The Man Who Haunted Himself. Being a modest actor, I won’t disagree.”[4]

The Persuaders! (1971 to 1972)

Television lured Roger Moore back to star alongside Tony Curtis in The Persuaders!. The show featured the journey of 2 millionaire playboys across Europe. He was paid the sum of £1 million for a single series, which was unheard of back then, making him the highest paid television actor in the world.[15] Lew Grade claimed in his autobiography Still Dancing, that Moore and Curtis “didn’t hit it off all that well”.[21] Curtis refused to spend more time on set than was strictly necessary, while Roger Moore was always willing to work overtime.[21]

According to the DVD commentary, neither Roger Moore, a co-producer, nor Robert S. Baker, the producer, ever had a written contract with Lew Grade.[21] They produced the entire 24 episodes without a single written word guaranteeing that they would ever be paid.[22]

The series failed in the United States, where it had been pre-sold to ABC, which Curtis put down to its showing at the Saturday 10 PM slot, but it was successful in Europe and Australia.[21] In Germany, where the series was aired under the name Die Zwei (“The Two”), it became a hit through especially amusing dubbing which only barely used translations of the original dialogue. In Britain it was also popular, although on its premiere on the ITV network, it was beaten in the ratings by repeats of Monty Python’s Flying Circus on BBC One. Channel 4 repeated both The Avengers and The Persuaders! in 1995. Since then, The Persuaders! has been issued on DVD, while in France, where the series (entitled Amicalement Vôtre) had always been popular, the DVD releases accompanied a monthly magazine of the same name.

James Bond Era (1973 to 1985)

Roger Moore in 1973
Roger Moore in 1973

James Bond Films

Due to his commitment to several television shows, in particular, The Saint, Moore was unavailable for the James Bond films for a considerable time. His participation in The Saint was as actor, producer and director, and he also became involved in developing the series The Persuaders!. In 1964, he made a guest appearance as James Bond in the comedy series Mainly Millicent,[23] Roger Moore stated in his autobiography My Word Is My Bond (2008) that he had neither been approached to play the character in Dr. No, nor did he feel that he had ever been considered. It was only after Sean Connery had declared in 1966 that he would not play Bond any longer that Moore became aware that he might be a contender for the role. After George Lazenby was cast in 1969’s On Her Majesty’s Secret Service and Connery played Bond again in Diamonds Are Forever (1971), Roger Moore did not consider the possibility until it seemed clear that Connery had stepped down as Bond for good. At that point Roger Moore was approached, and he accepted producer Albert Broccoli’s offer in August 1972. In his autobiography Roger Moore writes that he had to cut his hair and lose weight for the role. Although he resented having to make those changes, he was finally cast as James Bond in Live and Let Die (1973).

After Live and Let Die, Roger Moore continued to portray Bond in The Man with the Golden Gun  (1974), The Spy Who Loved Me (1977), Moonraker (1979), For Your Eyes Only (1981), Octopussy  (1983), and A View to a Kill (1985).

Roger Moore was the longest-serving James Bond actor, having spent 12 years in the role (from his debut in 1973, to his retirement from the role in 1985), having made seven of the Eon Production Bond films in a row. He was the oldest actor to have played Bond – he was 45 in Live and Let Die (1973) and 58 when he announced his retirement on December 3, 1985. Roger Moore is also tied with Sean Connery as the actor who played Bond in the most movies. They both appeared in 7 Bond movies.[24]

Moore’s Bond was very different from the version created by Ian Fleming. Screenwriters like George MacDonald Fraser provided scenarios in which Roger Moore was cast as a seasoned, debonair playboy who would always have a trick or gadget in stock when he needed it, which was designed to serve the contemporary taste of the 1970s. Moore’s version of Bond was also known for his sense of humor and witty one liners, Roger Moore himself said “My personality is different from previous Bonds. I’m not that cold-blooded killer type, which is why I play it mostly for laughs.”.

In 1987, Moore hosted Happy Anniversary 007: 25 Years of James Bond.[25]

Other Films During the Bond Era

Roger Moore in 1979
Roger Moore in 1979

During Moore’s Bond period he starred in 13 other films, beginning with a thriller featuring Susannah York, entitled Gold (1974). Moore portrayed an adventurer in Africa opposite Lee Marvin in Shout at the Devil (1976), a commando with Richard Burton, and Richard Harris in the unorthodox action film The Wild Geese (1978), a counter-terrorism expert opposite Anthony Perkins in the thriller North Sea Hijack (1979).  In The Cannonball Run (1981) he spoofs his fame by playing a millionaire so obsessed with Moore that he had had plastic surgery to look like him.[15] He even made a cameo as Chief Inspector Clouseau, posing as a famous movie star, in Curse of the Pink Panther (1983)[15] (for which he was credited as “Turk Thrust II”). Moore was widely criticized for making three movies in South Africa under the apartheid regime during the 1970s (GoldShout at the Devil, and The Wild Geese).[15]

Roger Moore also made two World War II films in this period, both with all-star casts of character actors, and both co-starring David Niven. One, an actioner called The Sea Wolves (1980), is based on the true story of a March 1943 event in British India and Portuguese Goa, in which a group of retired members of the Calcutta Light Horse, coloneled by David Niven’s character, assist regular British Army operatives, played by Moore and Gregory Peck, in destroying German ships in neutral Mormugao harbor, all the time surrounded by German spies and Indian nationalist intrigue. Trevor Howard, Barbara Kellerman, and Patrick Macnee also co-star, with a Who’s Who lineup of British character actors. The other film, Escape to Athena (1979) is a heist adventure set in war-time Greece, and stars Telly Savalas, David Niven, and features mostly American character actors, including Sonny Bono, Elliott Gould, Stefanie Powers, Richard Roundtree, and Italian bombshell Claudia Cardinale. Moore (with top billing) plays a charming former Austrian antiquities dealer turned crooked camp commandant, tasked with guarding Greek antiquities desired by the Third Reich, and also guarding the collection of archaeologists who are being forced to work to find and recover these objects; however, he has other plans for the treasure he guards and for the people under his watch.

Post-James Bond Career (1986 to 2017)

Roger Moore in 2012
Roger Moore in 2012

Roger Moore did not act on screen for five years after he stopped playing Bond; in 1990 he appeared in several films and in the writer-director Michael Feeney Callan’s television series My Riviera and starred in the film Bed & Breakfast which was shot in 1989;[26] and also had a large role in the 1996 film The Quest; in 1997 he starred as the Chief in Spice World.[27] At the age of 73, he played a flamboyant homosexual man in Boat Trip (2002) with Cuba Gooding Jr.[28]

The British comedy show Spitting Image once had a sketch in which their latex likeness of Roger Moore, when asked to display emotions by an offscreen director, did nothing but raise an eyebrow; Roger Moore himself stated that he thought the sketch was funny and took it in good humor. Indeed, he had always embraced the ‘eyebrows’ gag wholeheartedly, slyly claiming that he ‘only had three expressions as Bond: right eyebrow raised, left eyebrow raised and eyebrows crossed when grabbed by “Jaws”. Spitting Image continued the joke, featuring a Bond film spoof, The Man with the Wooden Delivery, with Moore’s puppet receiving orders from Margaret Thatcher to kill Mikhail Gorbachev. Other comedy shows at that time ridiculed Moore’s acting, with Rory Bremner once claiming to have had a death threat from one of his irate fans following one such routine.[29]

In 2009, Roger Moore appeared in an advertisement for the Post Office, he also played the role of a secret agent in the Victoria Wood Christmas Special on BBC1 show over the festive period in the same year. Filming all his scenes in the London Eye, his mission was to eliminate another agent whose file photo looks like Pierce Brosnan. In 2010, Roger Moore provided the voice of a talking cat called Lazenby in the film Cats & Dogs: The Revenge of Kitty Galore which contained several references to, and parodies of, Bond films. In 2011, Roger Moore co-starred in the film A Princess for Christmas with Katie McGrath and Sam Heughan and in 2012, Moore took to the stage for a series of seven ‘Evenings with’ in United Kingdom theaters and, in November, guest-hosted Have I Got News for You.[30] Moore’s last on-screen performance was in 2013, a brief cameo as himself in Incompatibles, first feature-length film of the then 21-year-old French director Paolo Cedolin Petrini.

In 2015, Roger Moore was named one of GQ’s fifty best dressed British men.[31] In October 2015, Roger Moore read Hans Christian Andersen’s “Little Claus and Big Claus” for the children’s fairy tales app Giving Tales in aid of UNICEF, together with a number of other British celebrities, including Michael Caine, Joan Collins, Stephen Fry, Joanna Lumley, Ewan McGregor, Paul McKenna, Charlotte Rampling, and David Walliams.[32]

Humanitarian Work

Moore’s friend Audrey Hepburn had impressed him with her work for UNICEF and consequently he became a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador in 1991. Moore was the voice of Father Christmas or ‘Santa’ in the 2004 UNICEF cartoon The Fly Who Loved Me.[33]

Roger Moore was involved in the production of a video for PETA that protests against the production and wholesale of foie gras. Roger Moore narrates the video.[34] Moore’s assistance in this situation and being a strong spokesman against foie gras, led to the department store Selfridges agreeing to remove foie gras from their shelves.[35]

Personal Life

Doorn Van Steyn

In 1946, 18 year old Moore married a fellow RADA student, the actress and ice skater Doorn Van Steyn (born Lucy Woodard) who was six years his senior;[36] Roger Moore and Doorn Van Steyn lived in Streatham with her family, but tension over money matters and her lack of confidence in his acting ability took their toll on the relationship,[37] during which he allegedly suffered domestic abuse.[38]

Dorothy Squires

In 1952, Roger Moore met the Welsh singer Dorothy Squires, who was 12 years his senior; Doorn Van Steyn and Roger Moore divorced the following year.[39] Dorothy Squires and Roger Moore were married in New York.[39] They lived in Bexley, Kent after getting married.[40]

Squires and Moore moved to the United States in 1954 to develop their careers; but tensions developed in their marriage due to their age differences and Moore’s infatuation with starlet Dorothy Provine, and they moved back to the United Kingdom in 1961.[39] Dorothy Squires suffered a series of miscarriages during their marriage and Roger Moore later said the outcome of their marriage might have been different if they had been able to have children.[39]

In their tempestuous relationship Dorothy Squires smashed a guitar over his head, and after learning of his affair with the Italian actress Luisa Mattioli, who became Moore’s third wife, Roger Moore said that “She threw a brick through my window. She reached through the glass and grabbed my shirt and she cut her arms doing it… The police came and they said, ‘Madam, you’re bleeding’ and she said, ‘It’s my heart that’s bleeding'”[36] Dorothy Squires intercepted letters from Luisa Mattioli to Roger Moore and planned to include them in her autobiography; but the couple won injunctions against the publication in 1977, which led Dorothy Squires to unsuccessfully sue them for loss of earnings.[39] The numerous legal cases launched by Dorothy Squires led her to be declared a vexatious litigant in 1987[41]. Roger Moore paid Dorothy Squires’s hospital bills after her cancer treatment in 1996, and upon her death in 1998.[42] [43]

Roger Moore at the 1989 Cannes Film Festival
Roger Moore (left) at the 1989 Cannes Film Festival with wife Luisa Mattioli (right).

Luisa Mattioli

In 1961, while filming The Rape of the Sabine Women in Italy, Roger Moore left Dorothy Squires for the Italian actress Luisa Mattioli.[43] Dorothy Squires refused to accept their separation, and sued Roger Moore for loss of conjugal rights, but Roger Moore refused the court’s order to return to Dorothy Squires in 28 days.[39] [43] Dorothy Squires also smashed windows at a house in France where Roger Moore and Luisa Mattioli were living, and unsuccessfully sued actor Kenneth More for libel, as More had introduced Roger Moore and Luisa Mattioli at a charity event as “Mr Roger Moore and his wife”.[43] Roger Moore and Luisa Mattioli lived together until 1969, when Dorothy Squires finally granted him a divorce after they had been separated for seven years.[42] At Moore and Mattioli’s marriage in April 1969 at the Caxton Hall in Westminster, London, a crowd of 600 people were outside, with women screaming his name.[44]

Roger Moore had three children with Luisa Mattioli: actress-daughter Deborah Moore (born October 27, 1963); two sons, Geoffrey Robert Moore (born July 28, 1966) and Christian Moore (born in 1973).[45] Geoffrey Moore is also an actor[46] and appeared alongside his father in the 1976 film Sherlock Holmes in New York. Later in life he co-founded Hush Restaurant in Mayfair, London, with Jamie Barber.[47] Geoffrey Moore and his wife Loulou have two daughters. Roger Moore’s younger son, Christian Moore, is a film producer.[48]

Kristina “Kiki” Tholstrup

Roger Moore and Luisa Mattioli separated in 1993 after Roger Moore developed feelings for a Swedish born Danish socialite, Kristina “Kiki” Tholstrup.[43] Roger Moore later described his prostate cancer diagnosis in 1993 as “life-changing”, which led him to reassess his life and marriage.[45] Luisa Mattioli and Kiki had long been friends; but Luisa Mattioli was scathing of her in the book she subsequently wrote about her relationship with Roger Moore, Nothing Lasts Forever, describing how she felt betrayed by Kristina Tholstrup and discarded by Roger Moore.[43] [45]

Roger Moore remained silent on his divorce from Luisa Mattioli, later saying that he did not wish to hurt his children by “engaging in a war of words”.[45] Moore’s children refused to speak to him for a period after the divorce, but they were later reconciled with their father.[45] Luisa Mattioli refused to grant Roger Moore a divorce until 2000, when a £10 million settlement was agreed.[49] Roger Moore subsequently married Kristina Tholstrup in 2002.[45] Roger Moore would later say that he loved Tholstrup as she was “organized”, “serene”, “loving”, and “calm”, saying that “I have a difficult life. I rely on Kiki totally. When we are travelling for my job she is the one who packs”.[45] Roger Moore also said that his marriage to Kristina Tholstrop was “a tranquil relationship, there are no arguments”.[50] Kristina Tholstrup had a daughter, Christina Knudsen, from a previous relationship; Knudsen described her stepfather as a positive influence, saying “I was in difficult relationships but that all changed” when her mother met Roger Moore. Christina Knudsen died from cancer on July 25, 2016, at the age of 47; Roger Moore posted on Twitter that “We are heartbroken” and “We were all with her, surrounding her with love, at the end”.[51] [52] [53]

Political Alignment

On politics, Roger Moore stated he was a Conservative and thought that Conservatism is the way to run a country.[54] The BBC listed Roger Moore prior to the 2001 United Kingdom general election as a celebrity backer of the British Conservative Party.[55] In 2011, Roger Moore gave his support to Conservative Prime Minister David Cameron regarding his policy on the European Union, stating:

“I think he’s doing wonderfully well, despite the resistance from many members of his own party. Traitors, I call them.  I mean, any hardliner within the Conservative Party who speaks out against their leader. You should support your leader.”

Despite his Conservative politics, Roger Moore retained membership of the Entertainment and Media trade union BECTU until his death, having joined as an apprentice animation technician before his acting career took off. At his death he was the union’s longest-serving member.[57]

Tax Exile

Roger Moore became a tax exile from the United Kingdom in 1978, originally to Switzerland, and divided his year between his three homes: an apartment in Monte Carlo, Monaco; a chalet in Crans-Montana, Switzerland; and a home in the south of France.[50] [58] Roger Moore became a resident of Monaco, having been appointed a Goodwill Ambassador of Monaco by Prince Albert II for his efforts in internationally promoting and publicizing the principality.[59] Roger Moore was scathing of the Russian population in Monaco, saying that “I’m afraid we’re overstuffed with Russians. All the restaurant menus are in Russian now.”[58]

Roger Moore was vocal in his defense of his tax exile status, saying that in the 1970s he had been urged by his “accountants, agents, and lawyers” that moving abroad was essential because “you would never be able to save enough to ensure that you had any sort of livelihood if you didn’t work” as a result of the punitive taxation rates imposed on unearned income.[36] Roger Moore said in 2011 that his decision to live abroad was “not about tax; however, is a serious part of it. I come back to England often enough not to miss it, to see the changes, to find some of the changes good… I paid my taxes at the time that I was earning a decent income, so I’ve paid my due”.[60]

Health

Roger Moore had a series of childhood diseases including chickenpox, measles, mumps,[61] double pneumonia,[62] and jaundice.[63] He had an infection of his foreskin at the age of eight and underwent a circumcision, and had his appendix, tonsils, and adenoids removed.[64]

Roger Moore was a long-term sufferer of kidney stones[65] and needed to be hospitalized during the making of Live and Let Die in 1973[66] and again while filming the 1979 film Moonraker.[67]

In 1993, Roger Moore was diagnosed with prostate cancer and underwent successful treatment for the disease.[68]

In 2003, Roger Moore collapsed on stage while appearing on Broadway,[69] and was fitted with a pacemaker to treat a potentially deadly slow heartbeat.[58] Moore was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in 2013.[58]

Death

Roger Moore’s family announced his death in Switzerland, on May 23, 2017 from a brief battle with cancer.[70] [71] He died in Crans-Montana, Switzerland.[1]

Roger Moore had friendships with some of Denmark’s royal family; Prince Joachim and his then-wife Alexandra, Countess of Frederiksborg invited Roger Moore and his wife Kiki to attend the christening of their youngest son, Prince Felix. On May 24, 2008, Roger Moore and his wife attended the wedding of Prince Joachim to his French fiancée Marie Cavallier.

Roger Moore also had a long-standing friendship with Princess Lilian of Sweden, whom he first met on a visit to Stockholm for UNICEF. Moore’s wife Kiki, who was born in Sweden, was already a friend of Princess Lilian through mutual friends. In his autobiography, Roger Moore recalled meeting the princess for tea and dinners whenever he and his wife visited Stockholm. He spoke of his recollections at the princess’ memorial service at the English Church in Stockholm, on September 8, 2013.[12] [72]

On July 1st and 2nd, 2011, Roger Moore and his wife attended the wedding of Prince Albert of Monaco and Charlene Wittstock.

Honors and Awards

On March 9, 1999, Roger Moore was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE)[73] and promoted to Knight Commander of the same Order (KBE) on June 14, 2003.[74] The citation on the knighthood was for Moore’s charity work,[74] which dominated his public life for more than a decade. Roger Moore said that the citation “meant far more to me than if I had got it for acting… I was proud because I received it on behalf of UNICEF as a whole and for all it has achieved over the years”.[75]

On October 11, 2007, three days before he turned 80, Roger Moore was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his work on television and in film. Attending the ceremony were family, friends, and Richard Kiel, with whom he had acted in The Spy Who Loved Me and Moonraker. Roger Moore’s star was appropriately placed at 7007 Hollywood Boulevard and is the 2,350th star installed.[76]

On October 28, 2008, the French government appointed Roger Moore a Commander of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres.[77] On November 21, 2012, Roger Moore was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of Hertfordshire, for his outstanding contributions to the United Kingdom film and television industry for over 50 years, in particular film and television productions in Hertfordshire.[78]

For His Charity Work

  • 2007: Dag Hammarskjöld Inspiration Award (UNICEF)[79]
  • 2004: UNICEF’s Audrey Hepburn Humanitarian Award[80]
  • 2003: German Federal Cross of Merit (Bundesverdienstkreuz) for his UNICEF work[37] [81]
  • 2003: Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE)
  • 1999: Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE)

Lifetime Achievements Awards

  • 2008: Commander of the French National Order of Arts and Letters (Ordre national des Arts et des Lettres)
  • 2007: Hollywood Walk of Fame
  • 2004: TELEKAMERA (“Tele Tydzień” Lifetime Achievement Award, Poland)
  • 2002: Monte Carlo TV Festival (Lifetime Achievement Award)
  • 2001: Lifetime achievement award (Filmfestival, Jamaica)
  • 1997: Palm Springs film festival, USA, Lifetime Achievement Award
  • 1995: TELE GATTO (Italian TV; Lifetime Achievement Award)
  • 1991: GOLDEN CAMERA (German TV; lifetime achievement award)
  • 1990: BAMBI (Lifetime Achievement Award from the German magazine BUNTE)

For His Acting

  • 1981: OTTO (Most popular Film Star; from German Magazine BRAVO)
  • 1980: SATURN Award (Most Popular International Performer)
  • 1980: GOLDEN GLOBE: World Film Favorite-Male
  • 1973: BAMBI (shared with Tony Curtis for “The Persuaders”, from the German magazine BUNTE)
  • 1973: BEST ACTOR IN TV, award from the French magazine TELE-7-JOURS, shared with Tony Curtis for “The Persuaders”
  • 1967: ONDAS-AWARD (Spanish TV for “The Saint“)
  • 1967: OTTO (Most popular TV-star for “The Saint“; from German magazine BRAVO)

Publications

Moore’s book about the filming of Live and Let Die, based on his diaries, titled Roger Moore as James Bond: Roger Moore’s Own Account of Filming Live and Let Die, was published in London in 1973, by Pan Books.[82] The book includes an acknowledgment to Sean Connery, with whom Roger Moore was friends for many years: “I would also like to thank Sean Connery – with whom it would not have been possible.”

Moore’s autobiography My Word is My Bond (ISBN 0061673889) was published by Collins in the US, in November 2008 and by Michael O’Mara Books Ltd in the United Kingdom, on October 2, 2008 (ISBN 9781843173182).[83]

On October 16, 2012, Bond On Bond was published to tie in with the 50th anniversary of the James Bond films. The book, with many pictures, is based on Moore’s own memories, thoughts, and anecdotes about all things 007 with some of the profits of the book going to UNICEF.[84]

Bibliography

  • Roger Moore as James Bond: Roger Moore’s Own Account of Filming Live and Let Die. 1973. ISBN 9780330236539.
  • My Word is My Bond: The Autobiography. 2008. ISBN 9781843173878.
  • Bond on Bond: The Ultimate Book on 50 Years of Bond Movies. 2012. ISBN 9781843178613.
  • Last Man Standing. 2014. ISBN 9781782432074(published as One Lucky Bastard in the United States)

Filmography

Roger Moore in 1961
Roger Moore (left) with Kathleen Crowley (right) in Maverick (1961)

Roger Moore with Joanna Barnes
Roger Moore (right) with Joanna Barnes (left) in The Trials of O’Brien

Roger Moore in 1960
Roger Moore in 1960.
Year Title Role Notes
1954 The Last Time I Saw Paris[25] Paul
1955 Interrupted Melody Cyril Lawrence
The King’s Thief [25] Jack
1956 Diane[25] Prince Henri
1958 Ivanhoe[25] Ivanhoe TV series
1959 The Miracle[25] Capt. Michael Stuart
The Alaskans Silky Harris
Maverick Beau Maverick TV series
1961 The Sins of Rachel Cade[25] Paul Wilton
Gold of the Seven Saints[25] Shaun Garrett
1962 Romulus and the Sabines[25] Romulus
No Man’s Land Enzo Prati
1962–
1969
The Saint[25] Simon Templar TV series
1968 The Fiction Makers Simon Templar
1969 Vendetta for the Saint[25]
Crossplot[25] Gary Fenn
1970 The Man Who Haunted Himself[25] Harold Pelham
1971 The Persuaders![25] Brett Sinclair
1973 Live and Let Die[25] James Bond
1974 Gold[25] Rod Slater
The Man with the Golden Gun[25] James Bond
1975 That Lucky Touch[25] Michael Scott
1976 Street People[25] Ulysses
Shout at the Devil[25] Sebastian Oldsmith
1977 Sherlock Holmes in New York[25] Sherlock Holmes
The Spy Who Loved Me[25] James Bond
1978 The Wild Geese[25] Lieutenant Shaun Fynn
1979 Escape to Athena [25] Major Otto Hecht
Moonraker[25] James Bond
North Sea Hijack[25] Rufus Excalibur ffolkes
1980 The Sea Wolves[25] Captain Gavin Stewart
Sunday Lovers[25] Harry Lindon
1981 The Cannonball Run[25] Seymour
For Your Eyes Only[25] James Bond
1983 Octopussy[25]
Curse of the Pink Panther[25] Chief Insp. Jacques Clouseau
1984 The Naked Face[25] Dr. Judd Stevens
1985 A View to a Kill[25] James Bond
1990 Fire, Ice and Dynamite[25] Sir George Windsor
Bullseye![25] Sir John Bevistock
1992 Bed & Breakfast[25] Adam
1995 The Man Who Wouldn’t Die[25] Thomas Grace
1996 The Quest[25] Lord Edgar Dobbs
1997 Spice World[25] The Chief
2001 The Enemy[25] Supt. Robert Ogilvie
2002 Boat Trip[25] Lloyd Faversham
2010 Cats & Dogs: The Revenge of Kitty Galore [25] Tab Lazenby
2011 A Princess for Christmas[85] Edward, Duke of Castlebury
2013 Incompatibles[27] Himself

References

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  80. Katy Perry gets charity award for her work with children from Hillary Clinton. (2016, November 30). Retrieved July 9, 2017, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/newsbeat/article/38154003/katy-perry-gets-charity-award-for-her-work-with-children-from-hillary-clinton
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  85. Roger Moore is shooting “Christmas at Castlebury Hall” in Romania. (2011, March 8). Retrieved July 9, 2017, from http://www.nineoclock.ro/roger-moore-is-shooting-christmas-at-castlebury-hall-in-romania/

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